The possibility of using entomopathogenic nematodes and entomophages as bioagents of the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte)

  • A. Sikura
  • V. Gunchak
Keywords: western corn beetle, bioagents, search, entomopathogenic nematodes, entomophages


The article presents the results of studies on the possibility of using entomopathogenic nematodes and entomophages against the western corn rootworm. It is established that the bioagents under study are able to regulate the number of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte. The obtained results showed the prospects of using these biological agents for phytophage control.


Kuhlmann U., Wiard A. Van Der Burgt C.M. (1998). Possibilities for biological control of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte in Central Europe. Biocontrol News and Information. Vol. 19 (2). Р. 59—68.

Kaya H.K., Gaugler R. (1993). Entomopathogenic nematodes. Annu. Rev. Entomol. Vol. 38. P. 181—206.

Gaugler R., Campbell J.F., McGuire T.R. (1990). Fitness of a genetically improved entomopathogenic nematode. Journal Invertebr. Pathol. Vol. 56. P. 106—116.

Nickle W.R., Conick W.J., Cantelo W.W. (1994). Effects of Pesta-pelletized Steinernema on Western Corn Rootworms and Colorado Potato Beetles. Journal of Nematology. Vol. 26. P. 249—250.

Toepfer S., Gueldenzoph C., Kuhlmann U. (2005). Screening of entomopathogenic nematodes for virulence against the invasive western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in Europe. Bull Entomol Res. Vol. 95. Р. 473—482.

Kurtz B., S. Toepfer, U. Kuhlmann (2007). Assessment of establishment and persistence of entomopathogenic nematodes for biological control of western corn rootworm. Journal Appl Entomol. Vol. 131(6). Р. 420—425.

Ehlers U., Kuhlmann U., Toepfer S. (2008). Field results on the use of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora against the invasive maize pest Diabrotica virgifera virgifera. IOBC/wprs Bulletin. Vol. 31. P. 47—53.

Kurtz B., I. Hiltpold, T. Turlings. (2008). Comparison of the infectiousness of entomopathogenic nematodes among larval instars and pupae of the western corn rootworm. BioControl. Vol. 54. Р. 255—265.

Poinar G.O., J.S. Evans, E. Schuster. (1983). Field test of the entomogenous nematode, Neoplectana carpocapsae. for control of corn rootworm larvae (Diabrotica sp., Coleoptera). Prot. Ecol. Vol. 5. P. 337—342.

Toepfer S., Hayea T., Erlandsonb M. (2009). A review of the natural enemies of beetles in the subtribe Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): implications for sustainable pest management. Biocontrol Science and Technology. Vol. 19 (1). P. 1—65.

Grozea I., Carabet A., Chirita R. (2008). Natural enemies in control of invasive species Diabrotica virgifera virgifera from maize crops. Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Plant Protection Department Timisoara, Romania. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. Vol. 73 (3). Р. 501—508.

Tóth F., Horváth L., Komáromi J. (2002). Field Data on the Presence of Spiders Preying on Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) in Szeged Region, Hungary. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica. Vol. 37 (1—3). P. 163—168.

Brust G.E., Stinner B.R., McCartney D.A. (1986). Predatory activity and predation in corn agroecosytems. Environmental Entomology. Vol. 15. Р. 1017—1021.

White G.F. (1927). A method for obtaining infective nematode larvae from cultures. Science. Vol. 66. P. 302—303.

Bedding R.A., Akhurst R.F. (1975). A simple tehnique for the detection of insect parasitic rhabditis nematodes in soil. Nematologica. Vol. 21. Р. 109—110.

Fasulati K.K. (1971). Polevoe izuchenie nazemnyh bespozvonochnyh. [Field study of terrestrial invertebrates]. Moskva: Vysshaja shkola. 424 s. [in Russian].

How to Cite
Sikura, A., & Gunchak, V. (2018). The possibility of using entomopathogenic nematodes and entomophages as bioagents of the western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Le Conte). Interdepartmental Thematic Scientific Collection of Plant Protection and Quarantine, (64), 191-197.

Most read articles by the same author(s)